Predicted Questions Latin I Exam

1. Infinitive = 2nd principal part ending in -āre, -ēre, -ere, -īre
Type 1: militēs mittere auxilia debent  a. will send  b. send!  C. to send  d. were sending
Type 2:  He taught Scintilla to fly  a. volat  b. volate  c. volāre  d. volavit

2. Translate form of linking verb “to be” 
Pres: sum, es, est, sumus, estis, sunt - I am, you are, he/she/it is, we are, you are, they are
Imp: eram, erās, erat, erāmus, erātis, erant - I was, you were, he/she was... Can also be “used to”
Fut: erō, eris, erit, erimus, eritis erunt - I will be, you will be, he/she will be ... Can also be “shall be”
Type 1: eris consul in Aegyptō  a. will be   b. was   C. are  d. to be
Type 2: Math class was boring.  a. est  b. erat  c. erit  d. sunt

3. Translate form of an action verb (pres, imp, or future tense)
Type 1: nuntius in silvā  sedebat: a. will sit   b. is sitting   c. are sitting  d. was sitting
Type 2. Spanky will carry the crayon-man  a. portant   b. portat  c. portabat  d. portabit

4. Imperative Command: Run! Walk! etc. 
Often you need to look at the vocative to see if it’s sing or pl.  Nolī & Nolīte = Don’t ---!
Imperative singular endings = -a, -e, or -ī       Imperative plural endings are -ate, -ete, -ite
Type 1: Men, attack the city.  A. oppugna  b. oppugnāre  c. oppugnate  d. oppugnabant
Type 2: Caesar, venī ad urbem!  a. come  b. to come  c. will come d. comes
Type 3: Nolīte sedēre in cane a. Sit!  b. Don’t sit  c. you sit   d. he sits
Predicate Nominative, aka “nominative = nominative”
The red flag is some form of “to be”:  sum, es, est... eram, eras, erat...ero, eris, erit...
Type 1: Marcus in Germaniā   erat _____ a. servum   b. servō   C. servus  d. servī
Type 2: semper es ______ a. amicō  b. amicus  c. amicum  d. amicī
Type 3: bellum in Britanniā erat ______.  a. longus  b. longum  c. longō d. longī

6. Genitive Possession: of the boy/boys;  the boy’s the boys’
Type 1: puellae amicus in viā ambulat  a. to the girl  b. of the girl  c. girl  d. girls
Type 2: laborēs nautārum erant magnī a. sailors  b. to the sailors  c. of the sailors  d. sailor
Type 3: videmus Quintī nuntium. a. Quintus’s  b. Quintus  c. to Quintus  d. with Quintus

7. Indirect Object (IO) - Give, Show, Tell Verb + Acc + Dative
GST verbs: dō - give; narrō - tell; demonstrō - show; ostendō -show; dico - say; tradō- give up; doceō - teach; reddō - return; dedō - surrender
Type 1: Elmo gave the finger to Scintilla  a. Scintillā   b. Scintillae   C. Scintillam  d. Scintilla
Type 2: fabulam feminīs narrabas   a. women b. to the women  c. of the women  d. w/the women
Type 3: I will give Quintus a mule   a. Quintō  b. Quintus  c. Quintum d. Quintī

 Direct Object - Accusative Case 
1. nom.  + acc.  + verb    2. acc. + verb ending in -ō, -s, -mus, -tis
Type 1: puerī _____ vocant.  a. colonōs  b. colonī  c. colonōrum  d. colonīs
Type 2: in silvam _____ ducis  a. equus  b. equō  c. equī  d. equum
Type 3: hodie ______ videt. a. incolōs b. incolī  c. incolīs d. incolōrum

Prepositions (x2)  
1. Easy: define a prep     2. Harder: give the correct case for the noun that follows a prep.
Type 1: Grover sub ponte habitabit  a. over   b. on   C. near  d. under
Type 2: ab _____ currimus.   a. Horatia b. Horatiam  c. Horatiae d. Horatiā
Type 3: post ____ dux ad Graeciam ambulabit.  a. bellō  b. bellum  c. bellī d. Quintī
Accusative Preps: ad-to/ toward/near; trans-across; in - into/onto; post - after/behind; inter- among/between; ante - before; per - through; prope - near; circum- around
Ablative 8 Preps: ab - from; de- down from/about; ex - out of; cum - with; sine - without; in - in/on; sub - under; pro - for

  Translate an Interrogative/Question Word
Learn: quam - how, quis -who, quid -what, cur - why, ubi where/when, qui - who, quomodo - how, quot- how many?  Type 1: Ubi Marcus porcum ponit?.  a. where  b. why  c. who  d. what
11. Translate a conjunction.   Learn: et - and;  sed - but; aut...aut either… or;  neque -nor/and not; neque...neque - neither... nor; si - if;  quod - because; ubi - where/when; dum - while
Type 1: si puer mensam oppugnat, erō asinus  a. while   b. but   C. and  d. if

12. Translate a common adverb.  Learn: bene-well, male-badly, saepe-often, semper-always, subito-suddenly, diu-for a long time, iam-now/already, hodie - today, non- not, olim - once upon a time, tum - then
Type 1:hodie Marcus mulum salutat   a. yesterday   b. today   C. now  d. then

13. Adverb from an adjective: Lentus, a, um = lente
To make an adverb out of a 1/2nd decl adj, add “e” to the stem.  laetus = laete
Type 1: filius lente trans agrōs ambulat.  a. slow  b. slower  c. slowness  d. slowly
Type 2: Vlad certainly saves coupons. a. certus  b. certum   c. certi    d. certe

14. Translate a personal pronoun.   Learn:  ego - I;  mihī - to me; me - me; tu - you; tibi - to you; te - you; nōs -we; nobīs - to us; nōs - us; vōs - y’all; vobīs to y’all; vōs - y’all; eum - him; eam - her, eī- to him/her/it; eīs - to them
Type 1: da mihī  penguinem  a. me   b. my   C. to me  d. I
Type 2: _____ ambulamus in viā.  a. nōs  B. vōs  C. tu   D. ego   

15. Noun adj. Agreement
An adjective must agree with its noun in gender, number and case...
Type 1: puerī erant ______    a. bonōs b. bonīs c. bonī  d. bonum  
Type 2: nuntiōs _____ vidi.    a. tristēs b. tristibus c. triste  d. tristium
Case Comparison (not as common)  
Type 1: laetum : laetōs - just as- puellam : ______ a. puellīs   b. puellās   C. puellārum  d. puellae

17. Question with “-ne”; Add -ne to the end of 1st word to make “yes or no” question
Type 1: dabamusne Marcō nihil? a. we give  b. we were giving  C. were we giving?  d. why were we giving?
Type 2: Marcusne est asinus?  a. M is a donkey   b. why is M a donkey   C. are you a donkey, M?  d. Is          
                 M a donkey?

18. Vocative. The person who is being addressed
The red flag is a name or person set off by commas. Vocative endings are the same as Nominatives except -us and -ius singular endings. -us becomes -e, and -ius becomes -i
Type 1: puellae, nolite natare in igne! a. to the girls   b. of the girls   C. girls  d. girl
Type 2: Marcus, you’re an idiot a. Marcus  b. Marce  c. Marcō  d. Marcī
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